Export (latin: ex – 'outside' + portare – 'carry') – these are goods which were manufactured in one country and thereafter sold abroad. For the countries being members of the European Union, including Poland, export applies to the sale of products and services outside the EU. The sale of goods among the membership countries is so called 'intercommunity trading', not an export.
Export states also one of the form of foreign trade. Foreign trade in wide meaning includes current turn over and property – credit turn over, which besides the payable goods exchange consist of the purchase and sales abroad of intangible goods, services and other liabilities. The economic sense of foreign trade consists in completing the lacking goods and using differences in costs of production of specific domestic and foreign goods. The main outlet for Polish international market, that is export (about 69% of export in general) and at the same time main delivery market for Polish economy (about 62% of import in general), especially in the range of capital and delivery goods state European Union countries.
Exporters are companies and enterprises which manufacture their products in a particular country (e.g. in Poland) and then export and sell them abroad. Exporters whose main seat is in a country being a member of the European Union, including Poland, sell their products and services outside the EU. Sale of products and services on the territory of the European Union is intercommunity sales.
Polish merchandise, like goods in other parts of the world are articles (material goods) assigned for sale.
Polish production, like the production all over the world is the first and the most important phase of the economic processes. Conscious, intentional and organised activities of people, based on manufacturing goods, merchandise and rendering services to satisfy human needs, in which productive factors are involved (land, work, capital, entrepreneurs).
Producer, producers are individuals or companies manufacturing goods in order to sell them on the market. The goal of the producer is usually the maximisation of the share of his products in the market, and thus the maximisation of profits. Polish producers are acting exactly in the same manner and they achieve the same goal.
Wholesale is one of stage of distribution of merchandise on the market. Wholesaler is a mediator between the producer of goods, also a Polish producer, and retail sale (stores); he is buying from producer large volumes of merchandise, which he subsequently sells to trading outlets – he makes profit on wholesale margin.
Wholesale in Poland, like wholesale worldwide, is generally carried out via specialised trading outlets that is Polish wholesale centres.
Poland is a country with established democratic system, rich history, tremendous cultural heritage and beautiful landscapes, flora and fauna. It is a member of many international organizations, including: European Union, NATO, UN as well as OECD and WTO. Poland is one of the biggest countries in Eastern Europe, with its territory comparable with that of Italy or Germany. Its inhabitants number amounts to about 39 millions. The Republic of Poland is a decentralized unitary country in Central Europe situated at the Baltic Sea. Poland borders on the Ukraine, Belarus and Lithuania (in the east), on Russia (Kaliningrad Region in the north), on Germany (in the west) and on Czech Republic and Slovakia (in the south) and through sea border (border of Exclusive Economic Zone) on Denmark and Sweden. Poland's location in the geometrical centre of Europe, at the Baltic Sea and at the intersection of the main communication routes favours its economic development.
Transport, is a branch of the national economy, consisting in chargable movement of people, items and energy. Transport involves about 5 percent of all employees in a country, contributing to increase of national income of similar value. Transport generates services: shipping services (basic) and reloading, storage, forwarding, brokerage, consulting, international transport etc.
International transport, in Poland is the transport which begins in Poland and ends in the country not belonging to the EU, or begins in the country beyond the EU and ends in Poland. Polish international transport also means the transport which begins and ends beyond the EU and runs through Poland along some stretch, the so called transit.